NLM Logo

Chloramphenicol MeSH Descriptor Data 2023


MeSH Heading
Chloramphenicol
Tree Number(s)
D02.033.455.706.300
D02.455.426.559.389.565.175
D02.640.529.175
Unique ID
D002701
RDF Unique Identifier
http://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D002701
Annotation
an antibiotic
Scope Note
An antibiotic first isolated from cultures of Streptomyces venequelae in 1947 but now produced synthetically. It has a relatively simple structure and was the first broad-spectrum antibiotic to be discovered. It acts by interfering with bacterial protein synthesis and is mainly bacteriostatic. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p106)
Entry Term(s)
Amphenicol
Amphenicols
Chlornitromycin
Chlorocid
Chloromycetin
Cloranfenicol
Detreomycin
Kloramfenikol
Levomycetin
Ophthochlor
Syntomycin
Pharm Action
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
Registry Number
66974FR9Q1
Related Numbers
56-75-7
CAS Type 1 Name
Acetamide, 2,2-dichloro-N-(2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-(4-nitrophenyl)ethyl)-, (R-(R*,R*))-
NLM Classification #
QV 350.5.C5
Date Established
1966/01/01
Date of Entry
1999/01/01
Revision Date
2018/07/02
Chloramphenicol Preferred
Chlornitromycin Narrower
Chlorocid Narrower
Amphenicol Broader
Ophthochlor Narrower
Syntomycin Narrower
Levomycetin Narrower
Chloromycetin Narrower
Detreomycin Narrower
page delivered in 0.178s