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Pharyngeal Muscles MeSH Descriptor Data 2022


MeSH Heading
Pharyngeal Muscles
Tree Number(s)
A02.633.567.800
A04.623.617
A14.724.617
Unique ID
D010609
RDF Unique Identifier
http://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D010609
Annotation
/growth: coordinate with MUSCLE DEVELOPMENT; /‌embryol: coordinate with MUSCLE DEVELOPMENT if pertinent
Scope Note
The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.
Entry Term(s)
Muscles of Pharynx
Palatopharyngeal Muscle
Palatopharyngeus
Salpingopharyngeus
Stylopharyngeus
Velopharyngeal Muscle
Previous Indexing
Muscles (1966-1978)
Pharynx (1966-1978)
Public MeSH Note
1991; see MUSCLES 1979-1990; for CRICOPHARYNGEUS MUSCLE see ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER, UPPER 2005-2008
History Note
1991(1979); use MUSCLES 1979-1990; for CRICOPHARYNGEUS MUSCLE use ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER, UPPER 2005-2008
Date Established
1991/01/01
Date of Entry
1978/05/19
Revision Date
2018/10/05
Pharyngeal Muscles Preferred
Salpingopharyngeus Narrower
Stylopharyngeus Narrower
Palatopharyngeus Narrower
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